The era of nuclear warfare conceived the idea of a system which could even survive the devastation of nuclear weapons. “A post-apocalypse command grid” was the original idea for Internet -‘Bruce Sterling’ has stated. The idea of ‘internet’ was conceived in the early 60’s while a code for its regulation was mooted in late 90’s . This clearly brings about the reason for the complication of cyber-crime. Cyber-Crime may be said to be an act which violate netesthetics.
The word cyber and its relatives are probably the most commonly used terminologies of the modern era. In the information age the rapid development of computers, telecommunications and other technologies has led to the evolution of new forms of trans-national crimes known as “cyber crimes”. Cyber crimes have virtually no boundaries and may affect every country in the world. They may be defined as “any crime with the help of computer and telecommunication technology”, with the purpose of influencing the functioning of computer or the computer systems.
The extent of loss involved worldwide of cyber crimes is tremendous as it is estimated that about 500 million people who use the Internet can be affected by the emergence of cyber crimes. Cyber crimes are a very serious threat for the times to come and pose one of the most difficult challenges before the law enforcement machinery Most cyber crimes do not involve violence but rather greed, pride, or play on some character weakness of the victims. It is difficult to identify the culprit, as the Net can be a vicious web of deceit and can be accessed from any part of the globe. For these reasons, cyber crimes are considered as “white-collar crimes”. To understand cyber crime as a significantly new phenomenon, with potentially profoundly new consequences, it is necessary to recognize it as a constituent aspect of the wider political, social and economic reconstructing currently effecting countries worldwide. This new technology not only provides opportunities for the profitable development of an international information market but has also raised the specter of new criminal activities to exploit them.
The very technology that enables multinationals to do business more effectively and challenge the individual controls and regulations of nation states, also offers the prospect of globally organized criminal networks. Moreover the free flow of uncensored information on electronic networks and web- sites is as attractive to insurgents and extremist groups as it is to dissidents proclaiming their human rights. Just as crimes have changed with the growth of information technology so have the categories of criminals who engage in such crimes. There are three basic categories of criminals who engage in such crimes, ranging from hackers, information merchants and mercenaries, to terrorists, extremists and deviants.
Now speaking about the types of cyber crimes, there are divided mainly in four types; Financial, Privacy, Hacking and Cyber Terrorism. Financial crimes means the steal of money of the user or account holders. Likewise, the stole data of companies which leads the financial crimes. Secondly, Privacy crimes includes stealing the private data which leads to ruin the people and let them suffer by misusing their personal data. In, hacking they intentional deface a website to cause damage or loose to the public or owner and diminish its values. Here last but not least the cyber terrorism is not related to terrorist or its organizations but to threat someone on level of creating fear is also the same.
To conclude, we can say that cyber crimes is a violation of not law but the human rights too and to avoid that all we need is some common sense and logical precautions.