An irrigation sprinkler (also known as a water sprinkler or simply a sprinkler) is a device used to irrigate agricultural crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses, and other areas. They are also used for cooling and for the control of airborne dust.Sprinkler irrigation is the method of applying water in a controlled manner in way similar to rainfall. The water is distributed through a network that may consist of pumps, valves, pipes, and sprinklers.
Irrigation sprinklers can be used for residential, industrial, and agricultural usage. It is useful on uneven land where sufficient water is not available as well as on sandy soil.In sprinkler or overhead irrigation, water is piped to one more central locations within the field and distributed by overhead high pressure sprinklers or guns.
There are 4 types of sprinklers. They are Industrial , Residential, Agricultural and underground sprinklers. The first use of sprinklers by farmers was some form of home and golf course type sprinklers.Home lawn sprinklers vary widely in their size, cost, and complexity. They include impact sprinklers, oscillating sprinklers, drip sprinklers, underground sprinkler systems, and portable sprinklers
Many irrigation sprinklers are buried in the ground along with their supporting plumbing, although above ground and moving sprinklers are also common. Most irrigation sprinklers operate through electric and hydraulic technology.Rolling pipe type irrigation system for farms that has become the most popular type for farmers irrigating large fields. The end system method of sprinklers are widely used.
Underground sprinklers function through means of basic electronic and hydraulic technology.Advantages of Sprinkler Irrigation : A sprinkler system makes it easy and convenient to water your field, flowers and plants: just turn them on and walk away. You can use a sprinkler system to water a wide area of different types of crops, and you can usually adjust how large or small an area receives water.
Disadvantages of sprinkler irrigation include: High initial capital costs and high operation costs due to energy requirements for pumping and labor costs.