Today we are living in an independent country with a well-framed constitution that guarantees equality dignity and provides fair chances to every single citizen of India it does not allow differences on the basis of sex or gender caste and status, everybody is equal before the constitution of India. Today Police provide social protection and protection against any kind of harassment, courts are established to confirm a justice to every single individual who approaches and believes in the judicial system. But the Era we are living in is so different and advanced in terms of social justice and practices articulated to it before independence Indian society was confronted with social differences people are exploited on the basis of caste and creed females did not enjoy equal rights and there was the well-established notion of conservative feelings, Evils like “SATI PRATHA” were practiced in which dowry of a dead husband got burnt with the funeral of the husband. There were no advocates for women education practices like child marriage, superstitions had covered the rational perception of the society, a lot of activities were in practice those are repugnant to an ideal Indian Society.
How India Laid Foundation For Social Reforms ? Who are the Heroes ?
From the 18th Century onwards India was being Ruled by Britishers, India was a colonial state of Britishers but this colonization era has impacted the Indian Society Deeply and this era became an era of Reforms and Social Upgradation. Social Heroes Swami Vivekanandan, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Mahatma Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave, jyotiba phulle etc. laid the foundation For Social reform and lead the society for abolishing evils which prevailed the Indian Society.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1772 to 1833) : Raja ram Mohan Roy was an Indian Religious, social and Educational reformer who laid foundation for social upliftment, He was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj. Brahmo Samaj believes in the existence of one supreme God. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was a reformer and he writes ” The present System Of Hindus is not well calculated to promote their Political Interests ..it is Necessary that some change should take place in their religion ,at least for the sake of their political advantage and social comfort. He put significant efforts and sight for abolishing ‘child marriage’ and ‘Sati Pratha’.
Swami Vivekananda (1863 to 1902): Swami Vivekananda was an Indian monk a chief disciple of Ram Krishna. He binds Indian philosophies in Vedanta and strongly emerged with the Idea of Hinduism. He revives the Concept of Hinduism in India with a strong vision carried Hinduism philosophies to the outward world and used the idea of Nationalism for fighting against Colonial state. He writes ‘ Each soul is potentially divine. The goal is to manifest this divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal. Do this either by work, or worship, or mental discipline, or philosophy by one, or more, or all of these and be free. this is the whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details. He Delivered talks in Newyork and Said “Arise, Awake, and stop not till the Goal is Reached”.
Jyotirao Govindrao Phule(1827-1890): Jyotirao was an Indian Social Activist thinker and a social reformer. He laid the foundation for untouchability and was a pioneer who worked for women Education. He and his wife Savitribai Phule works significantly for the education of Women. He established School for girls and contribute significantly to Women Education and their Upliftment.
Social Reformation was an important Phase that Uplifts the conditions of Women Education abolished Evils which were as significant as the Stigma on the face of an Ideal Society.