“If poverty is a disease that infects the entire community in the form of unemployment and violence, failing schools and broken homes, then we can’t just treat those symptoms in isolation. We have to heal that entire community.” — President Barack Obama
INDIA : One of our ironies of our rapidly developing nation is that condition of poor continues to remain constant. Miseries of poor people or what we call as poverty is not a new word to Indian ears. High poverty levels are synonymous with poor quality of life, deprivation, malnutrition, illiteracy and low human resource development. When we start finding reasons behind this situation, we come up with a obvious reason- political background. Holding those in power responsible for increasing miseries of poor people is normal as they are expected to construct it. But as it is said A coin has two sides . If we talk about the different way of looking this situation, there are more reasons which also contribute to the miseries of poor rather than posing politics for this misery.
- Population Explosion- Population has been rising in India at a rapid speed. Growing population has forward and backward linkages with the other economic dynamics particularly poverty. Poverty and population growth are said to be interrelated and the impacts of a growing population on the carrying capacity of the environment is continually observed. At global level, In the presence of poverty and population growth the ability to achieve sustainable development has proved to be difficult in many regions of the world. People have to spend a large portion of their resources for bringing up of their wards. It results into less saving and low rate of capital formation. Rapid growth of population accounts for low standard of living in India. Even the bare necessities of life are not available adequately. Also, high population growth affects the per capita income and makes per capita income even lower. ‘It is expected that population in India will reach 1.5 billion by 2026 and then India will be the largest nation in the world’. Rising population is accompanied by a rise in the labour force of the community which leads the substantial chunk of population to unemployment. In the year 2000, the planning commission of India estimated that around 70 percent of the poor including both transient and chronically poor lived in rural areas.
- Illiteracy- Poverty and illiteracy are closely linked and with the second largest population in the world. Illiteracy affects all areas of life. Those with low literacy skills are far more likely to live in poverty, face health problems because they can’t read prescription labels or instructions, and grow in a isolated world. Eradicating illiteracy in a country with a massive population is undoubtedly a gigantic task. Again, we cannot only criticize government for not doing well in this sector. But willingness of getting educated is also important. There are many areas in the country where still education is out of reach for girls and even for boys. Sometimes, it is a matter of willingness that children and their parents are not aware about the importance of education. They prioritize other things than education. Instead they have to either start working from a very young age as child labourers or find other means through illegal acts. It is the social responsibility of all literate and rich people to make some concerted efforts to rid society of this problem. There are many children who wish to study and also to aware them about education.
So, keeping in mind all the factors, we cannot only expect from the government to work on it. As a citizen of nation there are many responsibilities for an individual also to get a solution to it. Solution to any social problem must be worked out with community level. Criticism and complaining cannot reach to the solution. For a massive population, people sitting in political positions can not only eradicate the junk embedded from so many years. We can’t just move off the faces saying responsibility of Government. Just, because, political power has been given position, its not their sole responsibility for such miserable condition of poor people in our nation. There is nothing any government in the world can do. Instead it has to be a collective effort. Everyone has to unite for the sake of humanity.